Main Article Content
Since the return of democracy to Nigeria in 1999, politics in
Ekiti State has been characterised by swings in political and
electoral behaviour in support of the two rival political parties.
This has made the political terrain of the state unpredictable
in respect of voters’ attitude during elections. This study
examines the factors that influenced voting behaviour of the
electorates in 2018 governorship election in Ekiti State. It
also examines the interplay between the campaign promises
and voters’ participation during the election. The study further
ascertains whether party identification and gratification have
an overriding influence on voting pattern in the 2018
governorship election. Data was obtained from both primary
and secondary sources. Focus Group Discussions were used
to sample the opinion of a secondary school teaching staff
who are residents in Ikole-Ekiti, Ekiti State. Primary data
gathered were analysed, using content-analysis method. The
study discovered that campaign promises increased voters’
turnout and stimulated voting behaviour while vote-buying
increased voter turnout but changes voters’ choice. It was also discovered that militarisation of the election has a less
significant role to play in voting patterns.This study
recommends that vote-buying should be discouraged as it
affects democracy by producing candidates that are not
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors hold the copyright of all published articles except otherwise stated.
Doctoral Thesis submitted to the Department of Political Science, Faculty of
the Social Science, University of Ibadan
Akinnaso, N. (2014). Why and How Fayose Won the Ekiti Election, The Punch,
Alemika, E. (2007). Quality of Elections, Satisfaction with Democracy and Political
Trust in Africa. Public Policy and Administrative Sciences, Afrobarometer
working paper No. 84.
Arrows, K. (1951). Social Values and Individual Values. New York: John Willey &
Sons. Asian Regional Exchange for New Alternatives (ARENA) 2(1).
Arrows, K. (1986). Rationality of Self and others in Economic System. The Journal
of Asian Regional Exchange for New Alternatives (ARENA) 21 (1).
Ayobolu, S. (2015). Ekiti Fiasco: Who is to blame? The Nation, May 16.
Bickerton, J., Gagnon, A., & Smith, P. (1999). Ties that Bind: Parties and Voters in
Canada. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bonn International Centre for Conversion, Military Capacities and Means: The
Global Militarisation Index (GMI), 2019. Available at warpp.info/en/m3/articles/
Bratton, M. (2013) (Ed.). Voting and Democratic Citizenship in Africa. Lynne
Rienner Publishers: Boulder, Colorado.
Downs, A. (1957). An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York: Harper and
Durotoye, A. (2014). Voting Behaviour in Osun Governorship Election in Nigeria.
Public Policy and Administration Research: ISSN225-0972 (Online), Vol.4,
Farzana, H. (2005). Ethnic Conflict, Post-Colonial Nation Building and Militarization.
Asian Regional Exchange for New Alternatives (ARENA) 21, (1), Pp. 110-
Heath, A., Jowell,R., & Curtice, J. (1985). How Britain Votes, Oxford University
Ihonvbere, J.O., & Shaw, T.M. (1989). Corporatism in Nigeria. In Nyangaro J. and
Shaw T.M. (eds), Corporatism in Africa: Comparative Analysis and Practice.
Boulder, London: West-View Press.
Leight, Jessica; Rohini, Pande & Laura Ralston (2016). Value for Money in Buying
Votes? Vote -buying and Voter Behaviour in the Laboratory, Available at:https:/
Lust-Orkar, E. (2007). Election under Authoritarianism: Parliamentary Lesson from
Jordan. Democratiation 13 (3), 57-69.
Mazrui, A, A. (2002). Who killed Democracy in Africa? Clues of the Past, Concerns
of the Future. Development Policy Management Network Bulletin, IX (1), 15-
Nwankwo, O.B.C. (2018). Changing the Tide of Electoral Malpractice for Quality
Elections in Nigeria, In Shuaibu, I., Saliu, H. and Okolie A.M.N. (eds.) Elections,
Security Challenges and African Development, A publication of Nigeria
Political Science Association (NPSA), Enugu: TIMEX Publishers.
Oke, T. (2018). ‘Why Vote Buying Matters, Why it Does Not’, The Punch, August
Olaniyan, A., & Amao O.B. (2015). Election as warfare: Militarisation of elections
and the challenges of democratic. International Affairs Forum Spring, pp. 70-
Olukosi, I. (2015). The implications of militarising Nigerian elections. Available at
Omilusi, M. (2006) Ekiti: Once a Peaceful State, The Nation, November 18.
Oyeyipo, S. & Oluku, E. (2019). Nigeria: House to Investigate Military Involvement
in General Election. This Day, 20 March. Available athttps://allafrica.com/
Rodriguez, F. (2016). “The Many Ways of Buying Votes”, RAPPLER https://
Saxena, S. (2017). Cybernetic Model of Voting Behaviour. Journal of Social and
Administrative Sciences, 4(1), 87-104.
Stokes, S. C. (2007). Political clientelism. In C. Boix and S. Stokes (Eds.) Handbook
of Comparative Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
The Economist (2014). Why Reform is so Hard in Nigeria, June 29.
Thomas, D. (2014). Fayemi: The Fall and Rise of an Idealist, The Nation, July 6.
Uyangoda, A. (2005). Militarising State, Society and Culture in Asia: Critical
Perspectives. Asian Regional Exchange for New Alternatives (ARENA) 20
(2),1-16. Vol.4, No.8.
YIAGA Africa Initiative (2018). Duly Elected or Duly Purchased? Report on Vote-
Buying and Selling in the 2018 Ekiti Governorship Election. YIAGA AFRICA
Initiative, August, http://www.watchingthevote.org, accessed 2/11/19.
Young African Leaders Initiative (2018). ‘What’s the Harm in Buying Votes?’ https:/
/yali.state.gov/harm-vote-buying/, accessed 19/12/2018.
Zahida, A. & Younia, A. S. (2014). Determinants of Voting Behaviour in India:
Theoretical Perspective. Public Policy and Administration Research: ISSN
2225-0972(Online) Vol.4, No.8.