Development of Water Level Controller with SMS Capability

Main Article Content

Lambe Mutalub Adesina
Olalekan Ogunbiyi
Bilkisu Jimada-Ojuolape


Water is considered a valuable resource and covers about 70% of the earth's surface. Tight schedule prevents regular checking of the domestic water tank level while refilling the used ones. This often leads to waste of water and increased monthly revenue payment to power utility company. Consequently, this paper presents a development of water level controller with SMS capability aimed at measuring water level smartly such that when tank is filled, message would be automatically transmitted as an alert to the owner using GSM for immediate response. The method involves interconnection of a water container that serves as tank with another open container serving as Bore-hole and a microcontroller-based device with its integrated development to generate a communication message. A flowchart that shows the procedural steps involved was developed. On completion of the prototype, components and sub-circuits effectiveness as well as experimental testing of the system effective operation were carried out. Some anticipated water level (AWL) were selected at interval of 2 centimeters (cm) starting from 3cm and the corresponding Message Operating  water level (MOWL) were obtained with error deviations not greater than 0.17cm. Thus the average AWL, average MOWL and the error deviation are 11cm, 10.7cm and 0.1cm. The prototype device thus operated effectively.

Article Details

How to Cite
L. M. Adesina, O. Ogunbiyi, and B. Jimada-Ojuolape, “Development of Water Level Controller with SMS Capability”, AJERD, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 195-207, May 2024.
Author Biography

Lambe Mutalub Adesina, D Centre for Sustainable Energy, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin, Nigeria

Director, Centre for Sustainable Energy Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin. Associate Professor (Power Systems and Control Engineering)


[1] Pudasaini, S., Pathak, A., Dhakal, S. & Paudel, M. (2014). Automatic water level controller with short messaging service (SMS) notification. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 4(9), 1-4.
[2] Preethi, D., Anusha, J., Sravani, M.V., Puviarasi, R. & Bala, M. S. (2015). Automatic water level controller, Int. J. Appl. Eng. Res., 10(33), 26581–26587.
[3] Eltaieb, A.A. M. & Min, Z. J. (2015). Automatic Water Level Control System. Int. J. Sci. Res, 4(12), 1505-1509.
[4] Pooja, K., Kusumavathi, M., Pavithra, M., Nishmitha, M. & Shetty A. D. (2020). Automatic Water Level Indicator and Controller Using Arduino. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), 7(5), 5342-5346
[5] Priya, J. & Chekuri, S. (2017). Water level monitoring system using IoT. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), 4(12), 1813–1817.
[6] Das, S., Dhar S., Deb, P. B. & Mujamdar, P. S. (2017). Microcontroller Based Water Level Indicator and Controller. Asian J. Appl. Sci. Tech., 1(5), 181-187.
[7] Ajao, L. A., Abisoye, B. O., Agajo, J., Ajao, A. O., Muazu, M. B. & Salami, A. F. (2019). Automated Multiple Water Tanks Control System Using Atmega and Fpga Technology. IEEE Mac 2019, 347-353.
[8] Big-alabo, A. & Isaac, C. (2020). Automatic Water Level Control System Using Discretized Components. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, 24(10), 1781-1785.
[9] Asha, T. & Srija, V. (2020). Design and Implementation of Wireless Based Water Level Monitoring Using Arduino and Bluetooth. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), 7(1), 745-749.
[10] Barbade, G. M., Shreyas, C., Vedant, S., Vaibhav N. & Umesh, P. (2021). Automatic Water Tank Filling System with Water Level Indicator. Indian Journal of Microprocessors and Microcontroller (IJMM), 1(2), 1-7.
[11] Getu, B. N. & Attia, H. A. (2016). Automatic water level sensor and controller system. In 2016 5th International Conference on Electronic Devices, Systems and Applications (ICEDSA), IEEE, 1-4.
[12] Das, S., Dhar, S., Deb, P. B. & Mujamdar, P. S. (2017). Microcontroller Based Water Level Indicator and Controller. Asian Journal of Applied Science and Technology (AJAST), 1(5), 181-187.
[13] Shrenika, R. M., Chikmath, S. S., Kumar, A. R., Divyashree, Y. V. & Swamy, R. K. (2017). Non-contact water level monitoring system implemented using lab view and Arduino. In 2017 international conference on recent advances in electronics and communication technology (ICRAECT) IEEE, 306-309.
[14] Bird, J. (2003). Electrical Circuit Theory and Technology, 2nd Edition, Routledge. Access online on 16th December, 2023 at
[15] Neverova, V. P. & Semanov, B. A. (1981). Voltage Regulator. Instrum. Exp. Tech., 24(6), 1478 - 1484.
[16] Shankar, S. & Dakshayini, M. (2018). IoT-Mobile Enabled Smart Water Level Controlling System to Regulate Water Wastage. In 2018 International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communications and Informatics (ICACCI), IEEE, 2045-2048.
[17] Li, X., Li, J. & Shi, L. (2008). Modeling and simulation of water level system”, in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Automation and Logistics, ICAL 2008, 2856–2859.