Detection of Incipient Faults in Power Transformers using Fuzzy Logic and Decision Tree Models Based on Dissolved Gas Analysis

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Felix Olowolafe
Kehinde Olukunmi Alawode


This paper proposes an integrated approach utilizing Fuzzy Logic and Decision Tree algorithms to diagnose early-stage faults in power transformers based on Dissolved Gas Analysis (DGA) test results of transformer insulation oil. Overcoming limitations in conventional methods such as Duval Triangle, Key Gas Analysis, Rogers Ratio, IEC Ratio, and Doernenburg Ratio, our Fuzzy Logic and Decision Tree models address issues like inaccurate diagnosis, inconsistent diagnosis, lack of decisions or out-of-code results, and time-intensive manual calculations for large DGA datasets. The Decision Tree algorithm, a machine learning technique is applied to categorize faults into thermal and electrical types. Trained with over 300 DGA samples from transformers with known faults, the models exhibit robust performance during testing with different datasets. Notably, the Duval Triangle decision tree model attains the highest accuracy among the ten developed models, achieving a 98% accuracy rate when tested with 50 samples with known faults. Moreover, Decision Tree models for KGA, Doernenburg, Rogers, and IEC also demonstrate substantial prediction accuracy at 92%, 86%, 92%, and 90% respectively underscoring the efficacy of artificial intelligence methods over traditional approaches.

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How to Cite
F. Olowolafe and K. O. Alawode, “Detection of Incipient Faults in Power Transformers using Fuzzy Logic and Decision Tree Models Based on Dissolved Gas Analysis”, AJERD, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 56-73, Mar. 2024.


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